Businesswoman Al Gurg is the managing director and vice chair of the Easa Saleh Al Gurg Group, which is one of the largest conglomerates in the Middle East. Additionally, she is the Dubai Business Women Council president and board member of the Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry. In 2020, Al Gurg was awarded the Legion of Honor, Chevalier (Knight) by French President Emmanuel Macron for her efforts in strengthening the partnership between France and the U.A.E.
An architectural engineer by training, al Jaber is one of the most influential women in the U.A.E. She was the longtime chief operating officer of the Al Jaber Group, a 50,000-employee conglomerate founded by her father with businesses in construction, logistics and manufacturing. She now sits on the company’s board, and also serves as board chair of Al Bashayer Investment Group, a investment shop with $22 billion in assets under management operating across the Gulf, Middle East and Asia.
In 2015, Alexievich became the first woman from Belarus to win the Nobel Prize in literature. A critic of dictatorial regimes, her writing on Soviet and post-Soviet life has been hailed for its focus on the individual and the underlying humanity of people caught in a crisis. In 2020, Alexievich joined a council advocating for a peaceful transition of power in the Belarusian presidential election. She was its only member who was not arrested for participating, and in fall 2020, left Belarus for Germany.
Ani’s work is partially inspired by her mother, who’d dreamed of being an architect but instead became an art teacher. Ani completed her undergraduate degree at Baghdad University and her graduate degree at MIT; in the decades since, her work has taken her from the UNESCO World Heritage marsh site in southern Iraq to the Aspire sports complex in Qatar. For years Ani was named one of the top architects in the Middle East, and she was the designer responsible for the Iraq Pavilion for the 2020 Dubai Expo.
Fed up with Britain’s musty banking system, Boden started her own digital bank, Starling, in 2014. Before joining the fintech boom in her fifties, Boden had a distinguished 30-year career at many global financial heavyweights, including the Royal Bank of Scotland. Starling, which has won Best British Bank every year since 2018, now has nearly £8 billion worth of deposits and more than two million customer accounts. Boden’s memoir, Banking On It: How I Disrupted an Industry, was published in 2020.
Bowden is a partner at 83North, the global venture capital firm formerly known as Greylock IL. In 2019 the firm raised a $300 million fund to invest in Europe and Israel. She joined in 2008 and scored a big exit that year when payments startup Zettle was acquired by PayPal for $2.2 billion. She’s also led investments in delivery service Just Eat, as well as software companies Hybris and Qliktech. She is an angel investor in companies like Fizzback and Wix.
After years of relying on short-term grants to fund her work, Charpentier, a microbiologist, was 45 before she was able to employ her own lab technician. The extra hands soon paid off: At 51, she won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering a game-changing gene-editing technique, sharing the usually male-dominated accolade with American colleague Jennifer Doudna. The gene-therapy company she co-founded, CRISPR Therapeutics, went public in 2016 and now boasts a more-than $5 billion market cap.
Raised in Rome by a dressmaker mother, Chiuri has more than 25 years of experience in the fashion industry, starting as a handbag designer at Fendi. After turning 50, she reached a career milestone and became the first woman to lead the famed house of Christian Dior since the brand was created in 1946. Prior to her appointment, Chiuri had a successful eight-year tenure as co-creative director of Valentino.
Though Dench made her professional acting debut in 1957, she won her only Oscar at the age of 64: Best Supporting Actress for her role as Queen Elizabeth I in the 1998 film Shakespeare In Love. She’s collected many other accolades–including a damehood in 1988 plus six British Academy Film Awards, seven Olivier Awards and a Tony. Dench supports numerous charities, including Calibre Audio, a “free for life” audiobook service for anyone who has a disability that makes reading print difficult.
Dlamini began her career as a medical doctor before transitioning into business and launching her company Mbekani Group, a conglomerate with companies ranging from surgical equipment to luxury fashion, in 1996. Her 2017 book, Equal but Different, investigated the intersection of race, gender and social class in female leaders’ careers. She serves as chancellor of the University of the Witwatersrand and is also on the board of the Gender-Based Violence and Femicide Response Fund.
The Cameroonian technology entrepreneur leads AppsTech, a global provider of enterprise application solutions, which she founded in 1999. In 2015, Enonchong cofounded I/O Spaces, an inclusive coworking space. She is known for her work promoting technology in Africa and has chaired the African Center for Technology, Innovation and Ventures Spaces since 2010. She was named a Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum. In 2021, Enonchong was confirmed as vice chair of the board of the WHO Foundation.
In 2015, Ernotte became the first female CEO of France Télévisions, France’s national television broadcaster. In 2020, Ernotte was elected to be the first female president of the European Broadcasting Union, an alliance of 115 public service media organizations across Europe. She has also been a member of the Global Task Force for Public Media since its founding in 2019, which has a mandate to defend the interests and values of public media on a global scale.
An award-winning novelist, poet, dramatist, essayist and activist, Evaristo won the Booker Prize in 2019 for her novel Girl, Woman, Other. She was the first Black woman and Black British person to win the prestigious award in its 50-year-history. In 2020, Evaristo became the first Black female author to top the paperback fiction chart in the U.K., and she has since become the president of the Royal Society of Literature, the first person of color to hold the role in 200 years. Evaristo has also spoken out about the lack of stories about–and by–older women in British fiction.
Georgieva was appointed as chief of the global financial institution in 2019, making her the first person from an emerging market to lead the agency. Despite the tradition that IMF candidates should not be older than 65 at the start of their term, the rule was waived for Georgieva. In 2021 the IMF’s executive board gave her a vote of confidence after allegations that she manipulated data during her term as a senior World Bank official, where she started as an environmental economist in 1993.
Gilbert led the development of the Covid-19 vaccine at Oxford University and became a face of the fight to end the pandemic. Last year the co-inventor of the Oxford/AstraZeneca jab was recognized with a damehood and even had a Barbie doll made in her honor. Some two billion doses of the vaccine have been released to more than 170 countries since its emergency authorization in the U.K. in late 2020.
Described by Jerusalem Post as being “on track to be among Israel’s most influential chief justices,” Hayut was appointed Chief Justice in 2017. When she was sworn in, she pledged to “defend” the court from politically motivated attempts to weaken it. Born to two Romanian Holocaust survivors, she was raised by her grandparents in Israel and is now considered one of the most powerful women in Israel.
Jatta, an Italian art historian, has been in charge of one of the world’s most-visited museums since 2016. She is the first woman in the position, which oversees the Museums’ roughly 70,000 works of art (including Michelangelo’s painting of the Sistine Chapel ceiling). Jatta has been praised for leading many innovative initiatives since taking over, including digitizing the Vatican library and creating interactive virtual tours, which were popular across the world during the pandemic.
Kieli founded the Poland office of U.S. media giant Discovery in 2000. Starting with a team of two, today she oversees more than 4,000 employees and is responsible for Discovery’s largest international operation—one that captures more than a billion annual viewers. In 2018, she led Discovery’s takeover of TVN, the No. 1 broadcaster in Poland. Last December the company survived proposed legislation that would have blocked foreign companies from holding a controlling stake in Polish broadcast media.
Lagarde has become accustomed to being introduced as “the first.” In 2011, at 55, she was the first woman appointed to run the International Monetary Fund. In 2019, she became the first female president of the European Central Bank, a role that puts her in charge of the monetary policy that affects Europe’s nearly 750 million citizens. She is an outspoken advocate for gender reform in the finance sector.
Lagrange is an astrophysicist who has been working at the Grenoble Institute in France since 1990. Much of her career has been devoted to the analysis of the star Beta Pictoris in the constellation Pictor. In 2019, Lagrange led a worldwide team in discovering a new planet in this constellation. In addition to a host of scientific prizes, she was awarded Légion d’honneur, France’s highest honor, in 2012, and the National Order of Merit in 2015.
In 2016, Mälkki, a Finnish conductor and cellist, was the first woman appointed chief conductor of the 144-year-old Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra. Mälkki made her Carnegie Hall debut with the New York Philharmonic this month. After announcing she will step down from her current post at the end of the 2022-23 season, she is rumored to be the next music director of the NY Phil—which would make her the first woman to hold the title.
Born into a working class family, McGrath became the first make-up artist to be made a British dame in 2021. Now considered one of the most influential make-up artists in the world, McGrath rose to fame through her collaborations with designer Miuccia Prada and photographer Steven Meisel. In 2015, as she was turning 50, she launched Pat McGrath Labs; its lines and collaborations (with brands like Supreme and high-end stores like Selfridges) regularly sell out quickly after launching.
McPhee began her career in Mozambique as a program manager for the U.N., but quickly pivoted to economics and never looked back. After getting a graduate degree at the Stockholm School of Economics, McPhee went on to run business divisions at PwC, GE Capital and several Swedish pension funds. From 2008 until 2015 she ran Sweden’s SPP Pension investment fund, and in the years since has been an in-demand board director, serving on the executive committee of payments unicorn Klarna, Swedish industrial giant Axel Johnson, and Houdini Sportswear.
In 2019, Merz, an engineer, became the first woman to lead one of Germany’s big industrial firms when she was appointed the chief executive of the German conglomerate. With more than 100,000 employees and roughly $38 billion in fiscal 2020-2021 revenue, Thyssenkrupp is one of the world’s largest steel producers. Prior, Merz spent more than two decades working at Bosch and, more recently, was the CEO of Chassis Brakes International.
In 2015, at age 50, Moeti made history as the first woman to be appointed as WHO Regional Director for Africa. Moeti was reelected for a second, five-year term that began in 2020, and she promised to work on accelerating regional efforts towards achieving universal health coverage. The Botswana-native joined WHO’s Africa Regional Office in 1999 and has held a variety of roles, including deputy regional director.
Mojela is one of the architects of Wiphold, South Africa’s first women-owned and women-focused investment platform. Mojela and her cofounders started the fund in 1994 with 500,000 rand in seed money; today, the portfolio is valued at more than 2 billion rand. In 2021, Mojela received an honorary doctorate from Stellenbosch University for empowering women in Africa. Mojela also recently diversified her business interests: in 2018, she founded Bophelo BioScience & Wellness, a medical cannabis startup in Lesotho.
Baroness Morrissey is known for founding the 30% Club, a campaign for more gender-balanced boards, and is chair of the investment industry’s Diversity Project. The mother of nine was CEO of Newton Investment Management, a £50 billion investment fund, for 15 years before being named Baroness Morrissey and appointed to the House of Lords in 2020.
Nair, a British-Indian business executive and CEO of Chanel, took the reins at the 112-year-old fashion house founded by Coco Chanel in early 2022, becoming the first female, first Asian and youngest ever to hold the role. The move was widely praised and outside observers even suggested her appointment could signal the end of an “colonialist approach” to fashion. Prior, Nair worked at Unilever, where she was first Asian, first female and youngest HR chief.
Of Nigerian and Irish descent, Nwanoku is the founder of the Chineke! Orchestra, the first professional and junior orchestra in Europe made up of a majority of Black, Asian and ethnically diverse musicians. Nwanoku, who is a double bassist and music professor at the Royal Academy of Music in London, launched the orchestra in her mid-50s after observing that despite three decades in classical music, she was still the only person of color on stage.
Okonjo-Iweala, a global economic expert, is the first woman and first African Director-General of the WTO, a trade regulation body. Previously, Dr. Okonjo-Iweala twice served as Nigeria’s Finance Minister and briefly acted as Foreign Minister–the first woman to hold both positions. She served as the Board Chair of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance and is the founder of Nigeria’s first-ever indigenous opinion-research organization, NOI-Polls.
A computational physicist, Proykova is a research professor at the University of Sofia and head of the High Performance Computing Lab at the Sofia Tech Park. Her work is highly cited and she has worked with top global universities. She is a champion for women in STEM, co-founding the Bulgarian Center for Women in Technology, chairing the European Physical Society’s equal opportunity committee and serving as president of the Bulgarian Association of University Women.
Riria is the founding member of KWFT Microfinance Bank and has served on the board since 1991. She is also group CEO of Echo Network Africa, formerly Kenya Women Holding, which is a woman-led and women-serving development institution. Riria has led KWFT for more than three decades, and turned it from an unprofitable NGO to Kenya’s largest microfinance bank. KWFT has served more than 3 million women and disbursed more than $3 billion.
The renowned self-taught chef opened her first restaurant, Sant Pau, in 1988 with her husband in Catalonia. The restaurant won three Michelin stars but closed its doors in late 2018. With six Michelin stars in total, she is the first Catalan chef to have achieved three stars. Ruscalleda has opened other restaurants, including Sant Pau in Tokyo in 2004 and Moments in Barcelona’s Mandarin Oriental Hotel in 2009, and has published several cookbooks.
Samoura is a trailblazer in the sports world: In June 2016, at the age of 53, she became the first African and woman to hold the position of FIFA secretary general. Since her appointment, the number of women employed by the organization has increased, including in senior management positions. In 2021, she joined the board of directors of The Global FoodBanking Network, an international nonprofit organization working towards a hunger-free future in more than 40 countries.
Sullivan has more than 25 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry, most recently cofounding Keltic Pharma Therapeutics. She also cofounded Carrick Therapeutics, where she formerly served as CEO and oversaw the company’s $95 million Series A round of funding in 2016. In 2018, Sullivan won the EY Emerging Entrepreneur of the Year Award. She has held VP roles in research and development management teams at both AstraZeneca and Eli Lilly and Company.
Suluhu Hassan is the sixth and current president of Tanzania, and the first woman to hold the position. She took over when former President John Magufuli died in March 2021. Suluhu Hassan, the former VP, began her political career in 2000, when she was elected as a special seat member to the Zanzibar House of Representatives and was appointed as a government minister by President Amani Karume. She was the only high-ranking woman minister in the cabinet.
Triva is the CEO of Italy-based Copan, which makes collection and transport devices for diagnostic tests, genomics and forensics. Since taking over as CEO in 2014 at age 50, she has helped grow the family-owned firm—one of the world’s largest manufacturers of special flocked swabs for Covid-19 PCR tests and other diseases—into a global player with nearly $250 million in revenues in 2020.
After Gianni Versace was murdered in 1997, his younger sister Donatella stepped in to run his eponymous fashion house. Over the years, she’s masterminded a number of high-profile moments, including J.Lo’s plunging jungle dress for the 2000 Grammy Awards. In 2018, when she was 63, she executed the biggest deal of her life: selling the brand to Michael Kors for $2.1 billion. Versace remains the creative director and public face of the company.
Vestager spent two decades in the Danish government before landing a job holding the world’s biggest tech companies to account. Since being named EU Commissioner for Competition Policy in 2014, and then being appointed executive vice-president in 2019 with responsibility for a “Europe fit for the Digital Age,” she has taken actions against Apple, Amazon, Facebook and others. In 2018, Vestager fined Google a record penalty of €4.34 billion for abusing its market dominance.
As one of the cofounders of the €1 billion market cap GPS and mapping company TomTom, Vigreux is one of the most prominent female founders in Europe. She’s using her position to help women follow her lead. In 2018, she opened Codam, a tuition-free coding college in Amsterdam, the site of TomTom’s headquarters. “There’s a societal importance to teach digital skills to everyone, especially as automation will disrupt every job in the next decade,” she said recently.
Described as the most powerful woman in Romanian business, Vlad is the founder of the pharmaceutical group Fildas-Catena, the strongest player on the domestic pharmaceutical distribution market. She topped Forbes Romania’s most influential women list in 2017. Last year she was elected to the Executive Committee of the European Family Business Federation, based in Brussels.
In 2019, von der Leyen became the first female president of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union. In this role, she is responsible for legislation affecting nearly 750 million Europeans. Prior to her appointment, she served in the German cabinet, serving most recently as Minister of Defense. She has been praised for the quiet success of the EU’s pandemic response. Since taking office, she has vocally criticized Poland and Hungary for their anti-LGBTQ policies.
One of the richest and most successful businesswomen in Ukraine, Zhebrovska has helped grow pharmaceutical company Farmak into one of the largest pharma exporters in Ukraine. She served as the company’s CEO from 1995 until 2007, and has been the chairwoman of its board for the past 14 years. Zhebrovska also holds 100 Ukrainian patents.